Mandarin oil though now has become a part of the manufacturers of essential oils on a world-scale, there was a time when this oil was not all this popular among the people due to sheer ignorance and sometimes unawareness.
Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata Blanco) has been cultivated for over 3,000 years in China and Japan. There are over 200 varieties of the fruit.
Due to the great variety, there were probably differences in the early classification of the fruits, resulting in other scientific names for Mandarin oranges like –
- Citrus nobilis
- Citrus deliciosa
- Citrus chrysocarpa
The name “tangerine” could be applied as an alternate name to the whole family of this specie. The name tangerine comes from Tangier, Morocco, a port from which the fruits were first shipped to Europe. The Malay names are Limau langkat, Limau wangkas and limau kupas. The mandarin name is Cheng zi.
According to traditional Chinese medical theory, the herb moves the qi or chi (the circulating life energy thought to be inherent in all things) downwards to help in the treatment of hiccups and vomiting.
For thousands of years, Chinese medicine has used the whole unripe fruit of the mandarin orange to stimulate blood circulation. It has the ability to bind to B-3 receptors, which speeds up the release rate of fat and increase the resting metabolic rate.
Traditional healers prescribe herbal teas that include the dried peel of mandarin orange [Chen-pi] to calm the stomach and treat peptic ulcers as well as digestive upsets such as diarrhea, nausea, dyspepsia, and other problems associated with indigestion. Indigestion can also result in constipation, as undigested food would stay longer in the stomach.
Being high in vitamin C, the fruit is taken to avert scurvy. On the skin, it is a great way to fight acne and a congested oily skin. Mandarin orange is recommended to help reduce fever.
Seeds of the fruit are analgesic as well as carminative and are prescribed for treating lumbago (pain in the lower region of the back). The unripe peel treats mastitis and pain or inflammation of the testicles.
Some herbalists use the powdered peel topically to treat hemorrhoid and uterus prolapsed.
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